Ability-based User Interfaces


 

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Overview


This video illustrates how our SUPPLE system can be used for automatically generating user interfaces adapted to users' individual motor and vision abilities. Higher quality QuickTime versions of this video are also available: 480 x 270 (6 MB), 640 x 360 (7 MB) or High Definition (12 MB).

Today's human-computer interfaces are typically designed based on several assumptions: 1) that they are going to be used by an able-bodied individual, 2) who is using a typical set of input and output devices, and 3) who is sitting in a stable, warm environment. Any deviation from these assumptions, be it a hand tremor due to aging, use of an eye tracker, or the jostling caused by riding on a bus, may drastically hamper the person's effectiveness---not due to any inherent barrier to interaction, but because of a mismatch between the user's effective abilities and the assumptions underlying the interface design.

In contrast to the current design practice, we advance our vision of ability-based user interfaces: we believe that user interfaces should be designed with each person's unique abilities, devices, and environment in mind. Because of the myriad of distinct individuals, each with his or her own abilities, devices, and environments, many such personalized interfaces are needed.

To address the scalability challenge, we have developed SUPPLE, a system for automatically generating user interfaces adapted to a person's abilities and preferences. The results of our study with 11 participants with motor impairments demonstrate that such automatically generated ability-based interfaces significantly improve both performance and satisfaction compared to the default user interfaces shipped with today's software.

Projects

Several specific projects are part of our effort to develop personalized ability-based user interfaces.

Selected Media Mentions

Pimp My Program a TV spot by Ivanhoe Discoveries and Breakthroughs Inside Science. March, 2009

Special GUI for Your Eyes Only by Anuradha Menon, The Future of Things. November 24, 2008.

An interface for your eyes only by Lee Bruno, The Guardian. August 28, 2008.

Tweaking user interfaces to match abilities, disabilities by Yun Xie, ArsTechnica. July 17, 2008

Every User Deserves a Personalized Interface by Maria José Viñas, The Chronicle of Higher Education. July 16, 2008

For your eyes only: Custom interfaces make computer clicking faster, easier Press Release by Hannah Hickey, UW News Office. July 15, 2008.

Publications

Louis Li and Krzysztof Z. Gajos. Adaptive Click-and-Cross: Adapting to Both Abilities and Task Improves Performance of Users With Impaired Dexterity. In Proceedings of IUI 2014, 2014. To appear.
[Abstract, BibTeX, etc.]

Krzysztof Z. Gajos, Amy Hurst, and Leah Findlater. Personalized dynamic accessibility. interactions, 19(2):69-73, March 2012.
[Abstract, BibTeX, Authorizer, etc.]

Krzysztof Gajos, Katharina Reinecke, and Charles Herrmann. Accurate measurements of pointing performance from in situ observations. In Proceedings of the 2012 ACM annual conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI '12, pages 3157-3166, New York, NY, USA, 2012. ACM.
[Abstract, BibTeX, Authorizer, Data and Source Code, etc.]

Amy Hurst, Krzysztof Gajos, Leah Findlater, Jacob Wobbrock, Andrew Sears, and Shari Trewin. Dynamic accessibility: accommodating differences in ability and situation. In Proceedings of the 2011 annual conference extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems, CHI EA '11, pages 41-44, New York, NY, USA, 2011. ACM.
[Abstract, BibTeX, Authorizer, etc.]

Jacob O. Wobbrock, Shaun K. Kane, Krzysztof Z. Gajos, Susumu Harada, and Jon Froehlich. Ability-Based Design: Concept, Principles and Examples. ACM Trans. Access. Comput., 3:9:1-9:27, April 2011.
[Abstract, BibTeX, Authorizer, etc.]

Krzysztof Z. Gajos. Understanding How to Design Complex Brain-Controlled Applications. In Proceedings of the Workshop on Brain, Body and Bytes: Psychophysiological User Interaction at CHI'10, 2010.
[Abstract, BibTeX, etc.]

Krzysztof Z. Gajos, Daniel S. Weld, and Jacob O. Wobbrock. Automatically generating personalized user interfaces with Supple. Artificial Intelligence, 174:910-950, 2010.
[Abstract, BibTeX, etc.]

Jacob O. Wobbrock and Krzysztof Z. Gajos. Goal Crossing with Mice and Trackballs for People with Motor Impairments: Performance, Submovements, and Design Directions. ACM Trans. Access. Comput., 1(1):1-37, May 2008.
[Abstract, BibTeX, Authorizer, etc.]

Krzysztof Z. Gajos, Jacob O. Wobbrock, and Daniel S. Weld. Improving the performance of motor-impaired users with automatically-generated, ability-based interfaces. In CHI '08: Proceeding of the twenty-sixth annual SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems, pages 1257-1266, New York, NY, USA, 2008. ACM.   Best Paper Award  
[Abstract, BibTeX, Video, Authorizer, etc.]

Krzysztof Z. Gajos. Automatically Generating Personalized User Interfaces. PhD thesis, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA, 2008.
[Abstract, BibTeX, etc.]

Krzysztof Z. Gajos, Daniel S. Weld, and Jacob O. Wobbrock. Decision-Theoretic User Interface Generation. In AAAI'08, pages 1532-1536. AAAI Press, 2008.
[Abstract, BibTeX, etc.]

Jacob O. Wobbrock and Krzysztof Z. Gajos. A comparison of area pointing and goal crossing for people with and without motor impairments. In Assets '07: Proceedings of the 9th international ACM SIGACCESS conference on Computers and accessibility, pages 3-10, New York, NY, USA, 2007. ACM.
[Abstract, BibTeX, Authorizer, etc.]

Krzysztof Z. Gajos, Jacob O. Wobbrock, and Daniel S. Weld. Automatically generating user interfaces adapted to users' motor and vision capabilities. In UIST '07: Proceedings of the 20th annual ACM symposium on User interface software and technology, pages 231-240, New York, NY, USA, 2007. ACM Press.
[Abstract, BibTeX, Slides, Video, Authorizer, etc.]

Krzysztof Z. Gajos, Jing J. Long, and Daniel S. Weld. Automatically generating custom user interfaces for users with physical disabilities. In Assets '06: Proceedings of the 8th international ACM SIGACCESS conference on Computers and accessibility, pages 243-244, New York, NY, USA, 2006. ACM Press.

This page was last modified on Sunday, 19-Jan-2014 11:02:04 EST.